Flea, a parasite species in the arthropod class, is known for its very long jumping ability compared to its height. Flea is the general name given to about 1600 types of insects in the arthropod class. Their common feature is that they are bloodsuckers.
History of Piraeus
The origin of the name flea comes from Latin and the name of the biological arthropod class in which it is found is Siphonaptera. An adult flea is 2.5 mm long. Despite their small size and winglessness, their greatest feature is their long-distance jumping ability. Their body structures consist of needles and since their mouths are cutting, they can perform the blood sucking process very easily.
Information About Fleas
Fleas are larvae before they move. They provide the food source that enables the larvae to develop from organic waste. The larvae develop, turn into fleas and start moving. The new food source of fleas that start to move becomes blood.
When fleas are reproducing, they perform the reproduction process not on the organism they suck blood on, but rather in places such as carpets, bedspreads, blankets, bedding and flooring. Fleas, whose incubation phase is completed after the reproductive phase, hatch within a day or two.
Understanding whether a creature has fleas or not is the result of detecting a few symptoms. Among these, itching is among the first symptoms. Since itching will depend on many reasons, it is not correct to make a definite flea diagnosis in the first place. Since fleas do not pass on to living creatures in the form of larvae, only the active phase of the flea stage continues in living things.
Fleas and Pets
Fleas generally prefer pets as hosts. Common symptoms of flea in pets are itching and licking. The fact that fleas survive by sucking the blood of domestic animals causes itching on the skin of the animals and the movement of licking the itchy area. It is quite easy to notice fleas that can survive by hiding easily in their fur. The hand and eye control of the pet owner or veterinarian among the species of the pet allows it to easily detect fleas.
Fleas and the People
The fact that fleas can survive only in domestic animals is a false knowledge and it is possible to be found in humans. Fleas, which have bite marks on human skin, also cause itching, causing damage to the skin where they bite. In such a case, it may be necessary to consult a dermatologist immediately because it may be a symptom of other conditions that have the same effects as fleas.
Fleas show themselves with the feces they leave in their living spaces. See these feces is a sign that flea life continues in the area. It is very easy to detect flea feces, which in terms of shape and size, more like a black pepper grain. It can be seen in the beds of pets, which they usually choose as their living space, on carpets and rugs found among home furniture, and in bed and linens belonging to human life, where pets often roam. Since the movement of fleas occurs as crawling and jumping, it is more common to observe fleas while crawling. Jumping movements, on the other hand, are an effect that allows fleas to move easily between hosts and thus to infect.
Structures and Characteristics that Separate them from Other Insects
An adult flea is about 2 – 2.5 mm long and their body color is red-brown and bright. They have very finely pressed hair that allows them to move. These feathers also allow them to crawl and move. Although the lack of wings leads to the belief that they cannot fly in the first place, their jump distances are much higher than expected. So much so that they have the ability to jump over 200 times their length. They perform the leaping movement with their three pairs of legs, and their legs have a long structure contrary to popular belief.
The most common type of flea is the type of flea we are used to seeing in cats. Contrary to what is known, in addition to cat fleas, humans, dogs and mice are very likely to see fleas. Fleas generally prefer hairy creatures with which they can create comfortable living spaces and they feed on these creatures. Humans are not among the first choice hosts for fleas because it is not possible for them to survive by feeding only on humans.
Reproduction of Fleas
The reproductive period of fleas is very short and the ease of finding space requirements is among the effects that trigger their rapid reproduction and reproduction.
The reproductive phase begins with the female flea placing her egg in the place it determines. This place is usually the feathers or skin of the creature it chooses as its habitat, namely the host. The living body in which the flea eggs are laid will not move.