The mysterious insects of damp and dark environments, millipedes, contrary to popular belief, do not bite or sting; they don’t have an extension that they can insert anyway. Some specific species can be toxic; in Turkey to meet with them, you must be quite an unlucky day. So where does the poisonous centipede hide its poison? In the venom glands located on the sides of their body, they activate these glands when they defend and release venom spores. “Do millipedes sting?” If we learned the comforting answer to the question, let’s examine this genre a little.
How Are Millipedes Living?
The centipede beetle, which constitutes the largest population of the multi-legged group of the arthropod family, is mostly herbivores, unlike its carnivorous cousins centipedes. Although some subspecies feed on small insects and carrion, rotting leaves make up the main menu of this multi-legged insect.
Millipedes are among the shy insects. It is hidden during the day; they come out at night. Centipedes, which move very slowly, can take the form of a ring like a rosary beetle during danger, and if they have venom glands, they begin to secrete their venom. To be affected by this poison, you must be in contact with the centipede; So whatever your purpose, do not touch the millipedes unprotected.
Since millipedes are scavengers that often consume rotten food, you should be afraid of the dangerous microorganisms they carry rather than their venom. Although they do not prefer to colonize homes, if they find a suitable environment, the rapidly growing millipedes threaten the health of the residents.
The 13,000 known millipedes have been categorized into 140 families. You can find about half of them in our country.
Types of Centipedes
Millipedes are divided into 16 classes designated by scientific names. Some species have fortified their armor for defense, while a group of millipedes rely on venom glands; the remaining ones have developed their own defense methods.
For example, rosary millipedes, whose scientific name is “Glomerida”, are a completely separate species, although they are extremely similar to the rosary beetle.
These are the ordinary millipedes we know, with long, thin, multi-legs, the most common species named “Julida”. Especially in the spring, “Folanca village was raided by centipedes.” they become the invasive species in their news. That’s why you often encounter this species in homes.
The “Polyzoniida” species is also common in our country. Unlike the “Julida” type, their heads are smaller. They have strong armor and can take the shape of a ring in case of danger, but they cannot form as smoothly as rosary centipedes.
The type called “Platydesmida” is a type of millipede that can be seen in the natural environment, which immediately reveals itself with its light color, bulging body and countless legs. Scientists studying this species have found interesting information; mom and dad insects parent their offspring!
The “Polyxenida” centipede has developed the most interesting form of defense. This millipede species, which is non-poisonous and armorless, has numerous hairs and thorns on its body. The centipede is often freed from being prey thanks to these feathers that enter and sink into the mouths of predators who try to eat it.
Millipedes Can Be Dangerous When Threatened
Millipedes are usually prone to fleeing, but as soon as they realize they’re cornered, they get on the defensive. Never interact with a centipede as long as you are aware; And don’t worry about situations you are not aware of. Although the venom of some specific millipede species is stronger than other species, they are not life-threatening to humans. Those who are sensitive to allergic reactions should pay more attention and inform the health units as soon as possible in possible poisoning situations.